Initiating Maternal Milk Supply

Research suggests the secretory activation phase of lactation (also referred to as lactogenesis II or the milk coming in) is a critical time for overall breast milk production capabilities. For pumping mothers, clinical studies indicate innovative new technology can significantly influence milk production outcomes.

This edition of Innovating Practice through Research and Evidence explores the use of pumping technology to enhance a woman’s ability to initiate and maintain breast milk production. For several years the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended infants receive exclusive human milk feeding for the first six months, and continue breastfeeding with additional foods up to a year and beyond. Yet data from the 2014 CDC Breastfeeding Report Card indicates fewer than 20% of mothers met this objective. There are multiple reasons women do not exclusively breastfeed or sustain lactation through and beyond the first year. However, evidence indicates mothers who breastfeed immediately and frequently after birth have a greater likelihood of successful milk production. Unfortunately not all women are able to have this experience.

Read the Innovating Practice research overview and summaries now
  • Breast pump suction patterns that mimic the human infant during breastfeeding - journal article
  • Human milk and breastfeeding outcomes in infants with congenital heart disease - journal article
  • Milk production effects of different breast pump suction patterns - journal article
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